These lamps in the style of late Roman / Byzantine originals are likely to have been made in Naples in the second half of the 19th century and early part of the 20th century by firms such as Chiurazzi & Sons and de Angelis & Sons. Both firms specialised in high quality reproductions mostly based on items in the Naples Museum.
The lid to the filling-hole typically depicts a bearded head - though the artwork is decidedly 19th century in style. The elaborate handle-ornaments show some variation. Some parts of these reproductions were interchangeable.
Although not intended for sale as forgeries, these reproductions have sometimes fooled people into believing they are the real thing.